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Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape

[Category : - OTHER- DESIGN PATENTS- CONSTRUCTION HOME IMPROVEMENT]
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A Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape consisting of cushioned rollers and brake rollers completely enclosed or partially enclosed constructed with sidewalls. The gravity conveyor spiral is mechanically secured to a vertical tube running in the center of the spiral from the top floor to the bottom floor thereby stabilizing the spiral. The inside of the partially constructed structure or completely enclosed structure shall have metal handles in the event that the occupant is having difficulty traversing down the Gravity Conveyor. The occupant enters the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape in a sitting position on a slightly declining gravity conveyor ramp. Upon reaching the bottom floor, the occupant would be gently placed on a motorized conveyor belt not unlike the airport luggage conveyor belt with crash pads permanently attached. Each floor has accesses to the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape through a secure fire door or a secured full turnstile that is opened by a solenoid that is powered by the building with a backup emergency power source. The secured fire door lock is opened with a key extracted from a breakable key box. The full turnstile is opened by a breaking a switch box cover and pushing the open button. A green LED traffic indicator light is simultaneously turned on when the door or full turnstile is unlocked. An optional monitoring electronic system provides the exact escape floor and provides a means to turn on the red / green LED traffic indicator light on floors above and below indicating the location of the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape on that particular floor. With the addition of the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escapes, many lives can be potentially saved. Background of the invention:

According to the National Fire Protection Association, NFPA, there were 3,240 civilian deaths with 15,925 fire injuries in 2013. One death as a result of a fire occurs every 2 hours and 42 minutes while one fire injury occurs every 33 minutes. Consequently, there is a need for additional fire escapes that are easily accessible as the conventional stairs. A Skyscraper with Gravity Conveyor Fire Escapes is imperative to the quick evacuation of a fire or such emergency on any floor. Placing cushioned rollers or soft rubber rollers to add to the comfort of the occupant as he or she is traversing down the Conveyor is essential. Placing cushioned brake rollers at various locations within the Gravity Conveyor can dampen the velocity of the occupant. If forever reason the occupant gets stuck within the enclosed or stops traversing down the Gravity Conveyor metal handles are placed strategically within the enclosed shell or along the side walls of an open partially enclosed Gravity Conveyor. Lights are placed inside the enclosed shell for visibility. If the lights go out, battery operated lights are automatically turned on within and around the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Exits structure. The Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Fire Exit places the sitting occupant gently on a motorized conveyor that has crash pads permanently positioned for soft landing. The motorized conveyor turns on automatically when any floor entrance door is opened. The continuously moving conveyor not unlike the luggage airport conveyor belt is moving at a slow speed that would prevent people landing on each other while giving them ample opportunity to get safely off the motorized conveyor.








Summary:

It is the object of the invention to provide a method of escaping a skyscraper safely without injury by using an enclosed gravity conveyor or a partially enclosed gravity conveyor consisting of cushioned rollers and cushioned brake rollers for occupant comfort and to control occupants speed down the gravity conveyor that is simple in operation.

It is the object of the invention for the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape to have cushioned rollers for comfort and cushioned brake rollers placed strategically to control the velocity of the occupant.

It is the object of the invention for the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape to have a closed fire door that is opened by key secured in a breakable key box.

It is the object of the invention for the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape to have a turnstile opened by an open / closed button switch secured in a breakable glass enclosure.

It is the object of the invention for the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape to have a Green Light illuminated on the floor near the entrance of the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape simultaneously when the closed door or turnstile is opened.

It is the object of the invention to have an entrance on every floor of the Skyscraper that is locked and secured until a method of unlocking a turnstile or entrance door thereby providing safe access to the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Exit.

It is the object of the invention to have a red stoplight illuminated when the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Exit is not in use.

It is the object of the invention to have a slightly declining gravity conveyor ramp that the occupant sits on in order to propel himself or herself using stationary handles located on the gravity conveyor structure into the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Exit.

It is the object of the invention to have a motorized conveyor with cushioned pads not unlike crash pads permanently placed on the motorized conveyor. The motorized conveyor is not unlike the airport luggage motorized conveyor belt that is operated by the buildings power source or by means of an emergency backup power source or generator.





It is the object of the invention to have a floor emergency stop button that causes the locking of a turnstile or other entrance means, fire door, and thereby inhibiting entrance to the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Exit while illuminating that floors red light traffic indicator.

It is the object of the invention to have an entire system emergency stop button that causes every floor within the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Exit to lock the turnstile or other entrance means, fire door, thereby inhibiting access to every floors entrance to the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Exit while simultaneously illuminating every floors red traffic light indicator.

It is the object of the invention to provide emergency battery operated lights within the enclosed area of the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Exit where enclosed is defined as completely enclosed or partially enclosed with sidewalls.

It is the object of the invention to provide metal handles strategically arranged around the sidewalls or within the completely enclosure such that they are not obstructing the occupants escape.

It is the object of the invention to have an optional monitoring microcontroller designed system to be used to determine the floors that are using the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape at one time and to provide other floors that are potentially susceptible to the imminent danger a green light illumination indicating the location of the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape.















Brief Description of the Pictures:

FIG.1 is a conceptual picture of the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape within the interior of a building with sidewalls.

FIG. 2 is a picture of the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape cushioned rollers used on the Gravity Conveyor.

FIG. 3 is a picture of the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape soft rubber rollers used on the Gravity Conveyor.

FIG. 4 is a picture of a Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape cushioned brake rollers positioned strategically on the Conveyor

FIG 5 is a picture of the Motorized Conveyor not unlike an airport luggage motorized conveyors with the addition of cushions that are permanently attached. The motorized conveyor averts escape occupants from landing on top of each other.

FIG. 6 is a picture of a Breakable Key Box, an Open / Close Button Switch, and a Breakable Glass Enclosure that houses the Breakable Key Box.

FIG. 7 is a picture a Traffic LED Indicator, a full turnstile, and metal fire door.

FIG 8 is a picture of metal handgrips placed strategically within the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape so as not to impede the occupants escape.

FIG. 9 is a picture of the 1938 Escape Chute.

FIG. 10 is a diagram of the conceptual Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape using a gravity conveyor with system components for illustration purposes only.

FIG. 11 is a flowchart for the optional monitoring microcontroller designed system

FIG. 12, 13, 14, and 15 are drawings of the optional monitoring microcontroller designed system to be used to determine the floors that are using the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape at one time and to provide other floors that are potentially susceptible to the imminent danger a green light illumination indicting the location of the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape on that particular floor.

FIG. 16 is a drawing of the U.S. patent 803,119

FIG.17 is an emergency power source or generator

FIG. 18 is a logic table showing the encoded 128 x 7 bit code with the Boolean expression for bits Z0 Z6.



Detailed Description of the preferred embodiments:

The Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape, SGCEFE, consists of a spiral gravity conveyor having a spiral enclosed structure or partially enclosed structure with an outer cage. The SGCEFE consists of construction that combines many system parts as described below. Referring to the accompanying pictures and drawings, FIG 1 is a picture of a conceptual SGCEFE located inside a building with a semi enclosed wall structure. One embodiment of the SGCEFE consists of a vertical structure (1) with a spiral gravity conveyor (2) with cushioned rollers or rubber rollers (3) for passenger comfort and brake rollers (4) strategically interspersed throughout the spiral to control passenger speed. An inner vertical wall is illustrated in (5) such that the side walls of the spiral are securely attached. The vertical wall (4) is covered in foam cushion in case the passengers impact it if such a condition would occur. The outer wall of the spiral (6) is attached to the vertical wall (5) with brackets (7) to secure the spiral to the structure. Metal handles (8) are placed in locations on the spiral so as to help the passenger propel themselves in the event that they no longer are travelling down the spiral. An entrance (9) to the SGCEFE, is a gravity conveyor slightly descending into the SGCEFE with handles that the passenger would get into a sitting position and then propel himself or herself by virtue of grabbing the metal handles and thrusting themselves into the SGCEFE thereby creating momentum that would continue towards the entrance to the SGCEFE The entrance has either a suitable locked fire door (10) opened with a key from a breakable key box (11) or appropriate unlocking of a full sized turnstile (12). An emergency close (stop) button or open (start) button (13) housed in a breakable glass enclosure (14) that opens the full sized turnstile. The turnstile or door when opened turns the traffic LED indicator (15) green. The traffic LED indicator is located near or preferably above the fire door or full sized turnstile on every floor. A motorized conveyor (16) not unlike an airport luggage conveyor is placed on the ground or 1st floor. The motorized conveyor has permanently attached cushions not unlike crash pads (17). As the passenger enters the motorized conveyor he or she is gently placed on the motorized appropriate cushioned conveyor. This will avert the condition where passengers are landing and colliding with each other. The motorized conveyor is powered by electricity however in the event that the electricity is not available due to a power outage, the motorized conveyor is powered by another power source (18). An 8051 microcontroller monitoring system, (19) is optionally part of the SGCEFE that monitors which floors are using the SGCEFE and turns on the floors traffic LED indicator green above and below the fire floor. The traffic LED indicator provides a visual indication where the SGCEFE door or turnstile is located and that those floors need evacuation. If another fire protocol needs to be implemented, then the 8051 microcontroller can be subsequently programmed accordingly. The SGCEFE has lights that are powered by electricity however, battery operated emergency lights are also intermittently placed.

While I have describe in detail only one embodiment of the invention it will be apparent that other embodiments may be constructed and many changes may be made, all within the spirit of the invention and the scope of the appended claims.



What is claimed is;

1. A Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape, SGCEFE, providing a method of escaping a skyscraper safely without injury by using an enclosed gravity conveyor or a partially enclosed gravity conveyor consisting of cushioned rollers and cushioned brake rollers for occupant comfort and to control occupants speed down the gravity conveyor that is simple in operation.
2. A Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape, SGCEFE, that has cushioned rollers for comfort and cushioned brake rollers placed strategically to control the velocity of the occupant.
3. A Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape, SGCEFE, that has a closed fire door that can be opened by key secured in a breakable key box.
4. A Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape, SGCEFE, that has a turnstile that can be opened by a open / closed button switch accessible by breaking a breakable glass enclosure.

5. A Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape, SGCEFE, that has a Green Light illuminated on the floor near the entrance of the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape simultaneously when the closed door or turnstile is opened.

6. A Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape, SGCEFE, that has an entrance on every floor of the Skyscraper that is locked and secured until a method of unlocking a turnstile or entrance fire door thereby providing safe access to the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Exit.

7. A Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape, SGCEFE that has a red stoplight illuminated when the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Exit is not in use.
8. A Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape, SGCEFE that has a slightly declining gravity conveyor ramp that the occupant sits on in order to propel himself or herself using stationary handles located on the gravity conveyor structure into the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Exit.
9. A Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape, SGCEFE that has a motorized conveyor with cushioned pads not unlike crash pads permanently placed on the motorized conveyor. The motorized conveyor is not unlike the airport luggage motorized conveyor belt.
10. A Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape, SGCEFE, that has a floor emergency stop button that causes the locking of a turnstile or other entrance means, fire door, and thereby inhibiting entrance to the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Exit while illuminating that floors red light traffic indicator.
11. A Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape, SGCEFE, that has emergency battery operated lights within the enclosed area of the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Exit where enclosed is defined as completely enclosed or partially enclosed with sidewalls.


12. A Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape, SGCEFE, that provides metal handles strategically arranged around the sidewalls or within the completely enclosure such that they are not obstructing the occupants escape.

13. A Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape, SGCEFE to have an optional monitoring microcontroller designed system to be used to determine the floors that are using the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape at one time and to provide other floors that are potentially susceptible to the imminent danger a green light illumination indicting the location of the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape for immediate evacuation.


















Conceptual Picture of the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape with Side Walls within the Interior of a Building


Figure 1

Cushioned Rollers Used on the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape




Figure 2

Soft Rubber Rollers Used on the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape













Figure 3

Cushioned Brake Rollers Used on the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape



















Figure 4


The Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Exit would gently place occupants on a motorized conveyor not unlike to airport luggage motorized conveyors with the exception of adding cushions securely and permanently or crash pads. The motorized conveyor averts escape personnel from landing on top of each other. This is located on the ground floor















Figure 5

Breakable Key Box, Open / Close Button Switch used for the full turnstile, Breakable Glass Enclosure that houses the
Open / Close Button Switch



















Figure 6
Traffic LED Indicator, Full Turnstile, and a Metal Fire Door





















Figure 7


Metal Handle Grips Strategically Placed within the Skyscraper Enclosure to not impede emergency escape








Figure 8








Figure 8


1938 Escape Chute (Slide)




















Figure 9







Figure 10



Optional Monitoring System Flowchart



Figure 11


Optional monitoring microcontroller designed system to be used to determine the floors that are using the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape at one time and to provide other floors that are potentially susceptible to the imminent danger a green light illumination indicting the location of the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape on that particular floor.












Figure 12

Optional monitoring microcontroller designed system to be used to determine the floors that are using the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape at one time and to provide other floors that are potentially susceptible to the imminent danger a green light illumination indicting the location of the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape on that particular floor.











Figure 13

Optional monitoring microcontroller designed system to be used to determine the floors that are using the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape at one time and to provide other floors that are potentially susceptible to the imminent danger a green light illumination indicting the location of the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape on that particular floor.










Figure 14


Optional monitoring microcontroller designed system to be used to determine the floors that are using the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape at one time and to provide other floors that are potentially susceptible to the imminent danger a green light illumination indicting the location of the Skyscraper Gravity Conveyor Emergency Fire Escape on that particular floor.










Figure 15

U.S. Patent 803,119






Figure 16



































Emergency Power Source or Generator








Figure 17


















127 to 8 bit encoder designed FPGA

Floor fire z6 z5 z4 Z3 z2 z1 z0
x0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
x1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
x2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
x3 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
x4 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
x5 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
x6 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
x7 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
x8 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
x9 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
x10 0 0 0 1 0 1 0
x11 0 0 0 1 0 1 1
x12 0 0 0 1 1 0 0
x13 0 0 0 1 1 0 1
x14 0 0 0 1 1 1 0
x15 0 0 0 1 1 1 1
x16 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
x17 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
x18 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
x19 0 0 1 0 0 1 1
x20 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
x21 0 0 1 0 1 0 1
x22 0 0 1 0 1 1 0
x23 0 0 1 0 1 1 1
x24 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
x25 0 0 1 1 0 0 1
x26 0 0 1 1 0 1 0
x27 0 0 1 1 0 1 1
x28 0 0 1 1 1 0 0
x29 0 0 1 1 1 0 1
x30 0 0 1 1 1 1 0
x31 0 0 1 1 1 1 1
x32 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
x33 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
x34 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
x35 0 1 0 0 0 1 1
x36 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
x37 0 1 0 0 1 0 1
x38 0 1 0 0 1 1 0
x39 0 1 0 0 1 1 1
x40 0 1 0 1 0 0 0
x41 0 1 0 1 0 0 1
x42 0 1 0 1 0 1 0
x43 0 1 0 1 0 1 1
x44 0 1 0 1 1 0 0
x45 0 1 0 1 1 0 1
x46 0 1 0 1 1 1 0
x47 0 1 0 1 1 1 1
x48 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
x49 0 1 1 0 0 0 1
x50 0 1 1 0 0 1 0
x51 0 1 1 0 0 1 1
x52 0 1 1 0 1 0 0
x53 0 1 1 0 1 0 1
x54 0 1 1 0 1 1 0
x55 0 1 1 0 1 1 1
x56 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
x57 0 1 1 1 0 0 1
x58 0 1 1 1 0 1 0
x59 0 1 1 1 0 1 1
x60 0 1 1 1 1 0 0
x61 0 1 1 1 1 0 1
x62 0 1 1 1 1 1 0
x63 0 1 1 1 1 1 1
x64 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
x65 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
x66 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
x67 1 0 0 0 0 1 1
x68 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
x69 1 0 0 0 1 0 1
x70 1 0 0 0 1 1 0
x71 1 0 0 0 1 1 1
x72 1 0 0 1 0 0 0
x73 1 0 0 1 0 0 1
x74 1 0 0 1 0 1 0
x75 1 0 0 1 0 1 1
x76 1 0 0 1 1 0 0
x77 1 0 0 1 1 0 1
x78 1 0 0 1 1 1 0
x79 1 0 0 1 1 1 1
x80 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
x81 1 0 1 0 0 0 1
x82 1 0 1 0 0 1 0
x83 1 0 1 0 0 1 1
x84 1 0 1 0 1 0 0
x85 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
x86 1 0 1 0 1 1 0
x87 1 0 1 0 1 1 1
x88 1 0 1 1 0 0 0
x89 1 0 1 1 0 0 1
x90 1 0 1 1 0 1 0
x91 1 0 1 1 0 1 1
x92 1 0 1 1 1 0 0
x93 1 0 1 1 1 0 1
x94 1 0 1 1 1 1 0
x95 1 0 1 1 1 1 1
x96 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
x97 1 1 0 0 0 0 1
x98 1 1 0 0 0 1 0
x99 1 1 0 0 0 1 1
x100 1 1 0 0 1 0 0
x101 1 1 0 0 1 0 1
x102 1 1 0 0 1 1 0
x103 1 1 0 0 1 1 1
x104 1 1 0 1 0 0 0
x105 1 1 0 1 0 0 1
x106 1 1 0 1 0 1 0
x107 1 1 0 1 0 1 1
x108 1 1 0 1 1 0 0
x109 1 1 0 1 1 0 1
x110 1 1 0 1 1 1 0
x111 1 1 0 1 1 1 1
x112 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
x113 1 1 1 0 0 0 1
x114 1 1 1 0 0 1 0
x115 1 1 1 0 0 1 1
x116 1 1 1 0 1 0 0
x117 1 1 1 0 1 0 1
x118 1 1 1 0 1 1 0
x119 1 1 1 0 1 1 1
x120 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
x121 1 1 1 1 0 0 1
x122 1 1 1 1 0 1 0
x123 1 1 1 1 0 1 1
x124 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
x125 1 1 1 1 1 0 1
x126 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
x127 1 1 1 1 1 1 1














Figure 18




























128 to 8 bit encoder without priority bit boolean expression for bit Z0 - Z6

127
Z0 = xi
i=1,3,5


63 1
Z1 = x2i+j
i=1,3,5 J=0

31 3
Z2 = x4i+j
i=1,3,5 J=0


15 7
Z3 =  x8i+j
i=1,3,5 j=0


7 15
Z4 = x16i + j
i=1,3,5 j=0


3 31
Z5 =  x32i + j
i=1,3 j=0



1 63
Z6 =  x64i + j
i=1 j=0






















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